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Tiles & Stones 2



Porcelain tile is a subset of ceramic tile, which is becoming better and better known. It shares the elegant nature of china earthenware with ceramic’s noted durability and hardness Characterized by its dense body which renders it very moisture resistant, porcelain tile is often used in bathrooms where high moisture levels are a matter of course, and is the most recommended variety of ceramic tile for these types of areas. In addition to its attractive look and durability, porcelain tile can be used as either flooring tile or wall tile. There’s are also many glazes and colours that can be added according to your design requirements.


Varieties of porcelain tile are available in glazed and non-glazed styles much like other types of ceramic tile, the glazed tile being a little bit easier to keep clean, and unglazed tiles offering a slip resistant quality that may make them more suitable in for use in certain areas.


Given the hardy nature of porcelain tile, the tiles may prove to be harder to cut than most ceramic tile. There are several types of saws and other cutting implements that are specifically designed for cutting through such hard surfaces. Porcelain tile often is shipped after it has undergone a process of calibration, and will minimize the need for any on-site cutting for the purpose of a level installation. In this sense, quality porcelain tile is manufactured with the idea that installation should be relatively easy, assuming a certain level of experience. Once you have installed your porcelain tile, it will prove to be an extremely wear resistant surface, just because it is such a hard material.


Natural Stone - Natural Stones come in different shapes and sizes and are usually slip resistance which makes it particularly good if your household space is likely to see high traffic from young children or the elderly.


It is recommended that all natural stone floors be treated with a sealant of some kind, usually a silicon based impregnator which will protect the stone from excessive moisture and will also serve as a means of protecting the stone flooring from stains as well.


More porous natural stone, like travertine for instance, is more resistant staining if a sealant or a stain-guard is applied, and so it is highly recommended that you do so. At the same time, it is important to keep the surface as dry as possible as the stone’s absorption to moisture contributes to its wear. Similarly, slate tile flooring is semi-porous and the same principle applies.


Quarry - Normally square or rectangular, quarry tiles come in a range of warm, natural shades. They are made from unrefined alumina clay high in silica (quartz). Because they are water- and grease- resistant, they make practical floors for kitchens and hallways, although they are hard, cold and noisy. Lay on screeded concrete


Brick - for indoor use (pabiors) are hard-wearing, water- and grease- resistant, and warmer than either ceramic or quarry tiles. They can be laid only on ground floors, in a mortar bed. They come in a range of colours, including not only the standard red, brown and yellow, but also blue, purple and green. they often look best in a rustic setting or when linking interior rooms to the garden - for example, as a hall or kitchen floor


Marble - It is quarried on a large scale, removed in large chunks by cutting it from the adjacent rock and transporting the marble to nearby mills where it is sawn to size. The processing of the marble is done in order of size, the largest slabs being processed first, and the smaller tiles which are to be used as flooring tile and wall tile processed last.


As they are made from a natural material, variations in colour from tile to tile are both expected as well as preserved. The marble tile is polished and checked for “faults,” the small fissures that can appear in the stone, and filled if necessary by pigmented resins to protect the structural integrity of the tile, as well as the appearance.


Marble tile stands as a decorative natural stone flooring solution that has not been matched for centeries.



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