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BCAR S.I.9, What's another year? Construction Magazine Sunday, 1 February 2015
S.I. No. 9 of 2014-The Building Control (Amendment) Regulation . As year ago this was all but upon us. Affecting all projects irrespective of size it ’s no secret that there hasn’t exactly been widespread approval We spoke to a cross-section of professionals to get their opinions and reactions.
For - “The new regime of building control does present challenges for all the parties to the project, but provided an ethical, professional approach is taken, none of the challenges should be insurmountable” - Cormac Bradley, Engineers Ireland
Against - “The construction sector faces turmoil in which almost everything about building regulations will be decided in the courts, bringing more uncertainty, cost, delay and frustration" - Michael Collins, former President of the RIAI
Implementation of the new regulations is now settling down,” says Hubert Fitzpatrick, Director of Housing and Planning with the CIF. Fitzpatrick notes that in excess of 5,000 commencement notices have been lodged on the new Building Control Management System which “is being streamlined” on an ongoing basis. “While there is a cost for the builder in complying with the new oversight regime, the revised process will give much greater levels of confidence to the purchase /occupier of newly constructed properties that the requirements of the building regulations have been met,” he says.
Experience over the past 12 months, says Fitzpatrick, has highlighted the necessity for all builders, main builders and subcontractors/specialists to familiarise themselves with the nature of certification now sought before commencement, during and after completion of building works. “This is bringing about a greater discipline in the ordering of construction materials/supplies, ensuring that the correct materials/supplies are delivered to site, how the construction takes place on site, and the requirement to have proper and appropriate construction drawings and specifications supplied prior to starting construction works,” he adds. “The requirement of the assigned certifier to inspect works and certify compliance is critical to the level of public confidence that now applies to construction of new buildings.” The industry has geared itself up for the new obligations, and is working proactively with the professional teams in ensuring that the new procedures are being adhered to, says Fitzpatrick. “The Federation continues to supply clarification to its members countrywide in relation to queries pertaining to the new system.” The ongoing requirement for training of builders and contractors in the building regulations area will continue to be addressed by the Federation, and updates are given to members on an ongoing basis. It is understood that a consultation process will take place in relation to the operation of the revised building control procedures. “The Federation will participate in this process as soon as it commences,” he says.
Cormac Bradley represented Engineers Ireland in the consultation process. He says: “Engineers Ireland welcomed the announcement that the then Minister of the Environment, Phil Hogan made with respect to reviewing the Building Control Regulations and was pleased that the proposed consultation process would involve all the sectors players as well as affording the general public an opportunity to contribute. “In recent years Engineers Ireland has been anxious to develop closer working ties with Government on issues that are pertinent to our membership. We saw this as a manifestation of our efforts in this regard.” From an internal perspective, Engineers Ireland was keen to see the role of the Chartered Engineer (C.Eng.) Promoted within the engineering fraternity. “We saw the BC(A)R initiative as complementing this internal ambition,” says Bradley. Engineers Ireland has been very committed to the initial consultation process and the working groups set up to develop the S.I., the associated Code of practice and the complementary ancillary certificates. It has hosted a number of formal CPD sessions to advise and educate practitioners in complying with the new regulations and most of the organisations regions have held evening sessions on the subject. “We accept that when the first working group was convened, the resources that would allow a more robust system of building control to be put in place were not available and the documentation that has been developed since that first working group meeting is as a consequence of this restriction,” says Bradley. “However, rather than decide that nothing could be done, Engineers Ireland along with its contemporaries, ACEI, CIF, RIAI, SCSI and the officials of the CCMA, Local Authorities and the DoECLG, committed themselves to putting in place the system that took effect on 1st March 2014. “Many have argued that an independent system of inspection should have been put in place but when this was not available, the alternative of a self-policing system was the next best option. “It is Engineers Ireland’s belief that selfpolicing, combined with the compliance with a Code of Ethics, should ensure that professionals acting in accordance with best and established practice, developed over many years, operating within their individual areas of expertise and competence should not be exposed to any greater risk under the BC(A)R regime of building control of post- 1st March 2014 than was the case before that date. “There is no doubt that the new regulations place an enhanced emphasis on proper communication and interaction with all the project parties to a building development - building owner, builder, assigned certifier, design certifier and ancillary certifiers (design and inspection) “But the tools by which this is achieved are no different post implementation, though the documentation that is required to confirm that it has happened is much more important than was the case before. “It now has to be uploaded to the Building Control Management System (BCMS) to show compliance with undertakings given when the commence notice was lodged. “The new regime of building control does present challenges for all the parties to the project, but provided an ethical, professional approach is taken, none of the challenges should be insurmountable. “The critics of the system have suggested that the assigned certifier will be left as the “last man standing” answerable for all the flaws that others should be answerable for. “This is a fundamental misunderstanding of the system. The assigned certifier is not a ‘one man act’ independent of all the other project parties, quite the opposite, he is very reliant on all the other parties. “With a competent system of documentation in place, the assigned certifier should be able to guide any investigation of defective work on the basis of being able to trace the responsibility of those who had a hand in the design and construction of the failed element.” Kevin Sheridan is a council member of the Society of Chartered Surveyors Ireland and also of the building surveying professional lgroup. He notes that, “while much has been written about the legacy issues negatively impacting on public confidence and reputation of the industry”, the regulations will go a long way to restore confidence in a more professional and “joined up” system and protect our vital infrastructure and Heritage. “The new regulations embrace a quality control and quality assurance system incorporating a more transparent and up-front notification, inspection and certification process, where all involved in the process are now required to demonstrate compliance through a more considered and transparent system,” Sheridan says. “The system requires more thought and clarity to be provided at the outset to insure critical inspection and sign-off by industry professionals. “It also requires that competent builders such as those covered by the CIRI register, will soon become a mandatory registration requirement.” While its introduction was not universally welcomed, as some saw this as an imposition entailing an unnecessary control and a cost burden, the Society of Chartered Surveyors Ireland (SCSI) welcomes the positive aspects, “which require a more transparent and rigorous process requiring that only competent key players take ownership for providing robust and fit-for-purpose buildings”.
Robin Mandal, President of RIAI says while BC(A)R has an important role, consumer redress can really only be provided by an effective system of latent defects insurance. “The commitments in construction 2020 to this is welcomed,” he says, “along with government, the RIAI is working towards this end. “The commitment in Construction 2020 for the heads of legislation to be prepared for the registration of builders is crucial to protecting the consumer,” says Mandal. The commitment by the Department to review, with all of the stakeholders, the operation of S.I.9 in Spring 2015 is welcome,” he adds. “Any new system needs review. There are operational transition difficulties, which need to be addressed, in addition to possible new initiatives. “Perhaps a broadening of the stakeholders would be considered.” The RIAI has produced considerable documentation for its members and runs a number of CPD events to familiarise members with the new regulations. It is also preparing a Code of Practice for Architects working under the new regulations. “While there is no specific prevention for self-building in the regulations, the RIAI considers this issue should be addressed in consultation with department officials and possibly the housing agency” says Mandal. Crucially, the RIAI considers that building control authorities should have the legal capacity to issue immediate “cease works” notices. The RIAI supports “adequate and appropriate inspection by building control authorities and the resources that will be required for that”. Says Mandal: “We need a public information campaign by the Department which lets the public know what the regulations mean.”
The view of Shane McCloud of the Irish Association of Self Builders (IAOSB) is that S.1.9 has brought “extraordinary changes to the construction sector, many of which are unintended and negative”. “Acknowledged widely now as a political solution to a practical problem, BC(A)R S1.9 has brought us legal uncertainty, little consumer benefit, additional red tape at a huge cost,” says McCloud. More than five senior councils have issued differing advice on S.I.9, states McCloud. “They all agree that vague wording will eventually be determined in the courts hardly a resounding vote of confidence in the regulation.” “Self building has fallen off a cliff,” is the stark-sounding message from IAOSB. “The effects of S.I.9 have also been felt in government capital projects. How many hospital projects, community centres or convalescent homes have been delayed due to S.I.9? Self builders and consumers who commission once-off houses need to be made exempt from the provisions S.I.9, says McCloud. “Once off houses would still be subject to the regulations; they just would not need the additional services of design or assigned certifiers.